Routine Cleanings and Check ups
Brushing and flossing helps clean the plaque from your teeth, but you can't remove tartar at home. During the cleaning your dental professional will use special tools to remove tartar. This is called scaling. Your teeth are scaled, they may be polished. In most cases a gritty paste is used for this. It helps to remove any surface stains on your teeth. The final step is flossing. Your dental professional will use floss to make sure the area between your teeth are clean.
Your dental professional will check for cavities and to see if there is plaque or tartar on your teeth. Plaque is a clear, sticky layer of bacteria. If it is not removed, it can get harder and become tartar. You cannot remove tartar with brushing and flossing. If plaque and tartar build up on your teeth, they can cause oral diseases.
Next your gums will be checked. This will be done with an special tool to measure the spaces between your teeth and gums. With healthy gums, the spaces are shallow. When people have gum disease, the spaces may become deeper.
The check-up should also include your tongue, throat, face, head, and neck. This is to look for any signs of trouble, swelling or cancer.